ICBO_2018_20: KNowledge Acquisition and Representation Methodology (KNARM)

TitleICBO_2018_20: KNowledge Acquisition and Representation Methodology (KNARM)
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsKüçük-Mcginty, H, Schurer, S, Visser, U
Conference NameInternational Conference on Biomedical Ontology (ICBO 2018)
Date Published08/06/2018
PublisherInternational Conference on Biological Ontology
Keywordsbig data, ontology building methodology, semi-automated ontology building

Technological advancements in many fields have led to huge increases in data production, including data volume, diversity, and the speed at which new data is becoming available. In accordance with this, there is a lack of conformity in the ways data is interpreted. In-depth analyses making use of various data types and data sources, and extracting knowledge has become one of the many challenges with this big data. This is especially the case in life-sciences where simplification and flattening of diverse data types often leads to incorrect predictions. Effective applications of big data approaches in the life sciences require better, knowledge-based, semantic models that are suitable as a framework for big data integration, while avoiding overly extreme simplification, such as reducing various biological data types to the gene level. A major challenge in developing such semantic knowledge models, or ontologies, is the knowledge acquisition bottleneck. Automated methods are still very limited and significant human expertise is required. In this research, we describe a methodology to systematize this knowledge acquisition and representation challenge, termed KNowledge Acquisition and Representation Methodology (KNARM). We also examplify how KNARM was applied on three ontologies: BioAssay Ontology (BAO), LINCS FramEwork Ontology (LIFE) ,and Drug Target Ontology (DTO) built for three different projects: BioAssay Ontology, Library of Integrated Network-Based Cellular Signatures (LINCS), and Illuminating the Druggable Genome (IDG), and how the methodology help the ontologies work together in complex queries.