ICBO_2018_6: PHO: The Pharmacognosy Ontology

TitleICBO_2018_6: PHO: The Pharmacognosy Ontology
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsBisson, J, Graham, J, Pauli, G
Conference NameInternational Conference on Biomedical Ontology (ICBO 2018)
Date Published08/06/2018
PublisherInternational Conference on Biological Ontology
Keywordsmeta-discipline ontology, natural product, pharmacognosy

The discipline of pharmacognosy was named and defined in the early 19th century and consists primarily in the study of materia medica, or drugs. Its name, a derivation of the Greek pharmakon (medicine/drug) and ginosko (to know through experience) embraces a broad disciplinary range; current practice involves the investigation of natural products, the material produced by or derived from living organisms. It is a meta-discipline located at the frontiers of numerous sciences not limited to biology, chemistry, physics, and pharmacy. Pharmacognosy not only benefits from the technical and conceptual advances across these disciplines; it endows them with new study subjects and furnishes them with new tools and approaches. However, pharmacognosy has yet to articulate the diversity of its practices and procedures in a systematic, well-defined and logical manner, in suach a way as to participate in the lingua franca that ontologies can provide. Through the creation of a Pharmacognosy Ontology, we hope to contribute to this goal and consolidate the existing bridges between pharmacognosy and the many disciplines it is interacting with and thus contribute to a more profound understanding of the natural world.